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Leningrad magazine “Spartak” as one of the leading sports publications of the USSR in the 1920–1930s.

Научные исследования: 


For citation: Alekseev K. Leningrad magazine “Spartak” as one of the leading sports publications of the USSR in the 1920–1930s. // Mediascope. 2023. 1. Available at:


© Konstantin A. Alekseev

PhD in Philology, Associate Professor at the Chair of History of Journalism, St. Petersburg State University (St. Petersburg, Russia),



The article discusses the formation and development of the Leningrad sports magazine "Spartak" as one of the key publications on physical culture and sports in the USSR in the 1920s-1930s. The paper sets the task to describe and explain the key moments in the history of the Spartak magazine, to clarify the circumstances of its appearance and development. An attempt is also being made to objectively assess the place of publication in the system of physical culture and sports press and its significance for the development of sports in Leningrad and the USSR as a whole. In the conditions of poor knowledge of the topic, the key method of work was a comparative analysis of two types of sources: publications of the journal itself and materials from the archives of St. Petersburg. It is concluded that the development of the Leningrad magazine "Spartak" took place in parallel and in close connection with the development of the entire Soviet physical culture and sports movement, and its history shows well that this development was not a linear, smooth and consistent process. Throughout the 1920s, the ideology, organizational forms and methods of Soviet physical culture have not yet been settled down, and in these conditions the journal covered the life of not only Leningrad and the Leningrad Region (while remaining the only physical culture and sports periodical in the region), but the entire USSR. "Spartak", along with the central Moscow publications, claimed a leading role in the physical culture movement.


Keywords: physical education, sports, sports periodicals, publishing, sports magazine



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