You are here

Radio Journalism in the Age of Media Convergence

Научные исследования: 


For citation: Kramer A.Yu. (2017) Radiozhurnalistika v epokhu konvergentsii [Radio Journalism in the Age of Media Convergence]. Mediaskop 1. (in Russian). Available at:


© Alexander Yu. Kramer

PhD, Senior Lecturer at the Faculty of Philology, Pushkin Leningrad State University (St. Petersburg, Russia),



The article investigates a question of insistent resistance of journalism and particularly radio journalism to media convergence in the course of last twenty years. The theoretical framework of our study is based on the concept of the artifact / practice generative integrity (notably, any culture reproduce itself through artifact or practice; a practice reifying into an artifact, an artifact dis-reifying into a practice; the practice reified generate artifact, the artifact dis-reified generate practice). Any kind of journalism is a practice primarily, but almost all convergent processes in media are based on new artifacts, and these artifacts (devices) didn't change the core of journalism practices, but their parts only. Media technologies including media management or DIY were changed dramatically (see iXmP or transmedia or similar ones) and even the type of MMJ (multiskilled multimedia journalist) appeared in the long run, but specific 'journalist thinking' is still inviolable in spite of all these changes. The core essence of radio journalism (subject-matter dis-reifying in live broadcasting and in 'flow' perception) and the specific 'work of radio journalism' are inviolable too, thus it is possible that the 'post-digital' media philosophy is rather about 'trade dress of the tech rush' then about radio journalism.

Keywords: journalism, radio journalism, convergence, transmedia, crossmedia.



Ala-Fossi M., Lax S., O'Neill B., Jauert P., Shaw H. (2008) The Future of Radio is Still Digital – But Which One? Expert Perspectives and Future Scenarios for Radio Media in 2015. Journal of Radio & Audio Media 15(1): 4–25.

Asaf'ev B.V. (1971) Muzykal'naya forma kak protsess [Music Form as Process]. Leningrad: Muzyka Publ.

Beer D. (2007) Tune Out: Music, Soundscape and the Urban Mise-en-scéne. Information, Communication & Society 10(6): 846–866.

Berry R. (2006) Will the iPod Kill the Radio Star? Profiling Podcasting as Radio. Convergence 12(2): 143–162.

Borden S.L. (2007) Journalism As Practice: MacIntyre, Virtue Ethics and the Press. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.

Bourdieu P. (2005) Formy kapitala [Forms of Capital]. Ekonomicheskaya sotsiologiya 6(3): 60–74.

Bourdieu P. (2002) Vlast' zhurnalistiki [The Power of Journalism]. In: Bourdieu P. O televidenii i zhurnalistike [On TV and Journalism]. Moscow: Pragmatika kul'tury Publ., p. 89−104.

Bull A. (2010) Multimedia Journalism: A Practical Guide. N.Y.: Routledge.

Bull M. (2000) Sounding Out the City: Personal Stereos and the Management of Everyday Life. Oxford: Berg.

Bunich E. (2014) Po gorodu s pleerom [Around the City with a Player]. In: O.Brednikova, O.Zaporozhets (eds.) Mikrourbanizm. Gorod v detalyakh [Micro Urbanism: a City in Detail]. Moscow: Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie Publ., pp. 94–108.

Creech B., Mendelson A.L. (2015) Imagining the Journalist of the Future: Technological Visions of Journalism Education and Newswork. The Communication Review 18(2): 142–165.

Davies W.J., Adams M.D., Bruce N.S., Cain R., Carlyle A., Cusack P., Hall D.A., Hume K.I., Irwin A., Jennings P., Marselle M., Plack C.J., Poxon J. (2013) Perception of Soundscapes: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Applied Acoustics 74(2): 224–231.

De Sola Pool I. (1983) Technologies of Freedom. Cambridge MA: The Belknap Press.

Edmond M. (2015) All Platforms Considered: Contemporary Radio and Transmedia Engagement. New Media & Society 17(9): 1566–1582.

Emmerson S. (1994) 'Live' Versus 'Real-time'. Contemporary Music Review 10(2): 95–101.

Erdal I.J. (2011) Coming to Terms with Convergence Journalism: Cross-Media as a Theoretical and Analytical Concept. Convergence 17(2): 213–223.

Erdal I.J. Cross-Media News Journalism. Institutional, Professional and Textual Strategies and Practices in Multi-Platform News Production: PhD dis. … Faculty of Humanities, University of Oslo, 2008.

Erdal I.J. (2009) Cross-Media (Re)production Cultures. Convergence 15(2): 215–231.

Ferrington G. (1994) Audio Design: Creating Multi-sensory Images for the Mind. Journal of Visual Literacy 14(1): 61–67.

Frith J., Ahern K.F. (2015) Make a Sound Garden Grow: Exploring the New Media Potential of Social Soundscaping. Convergence 21(4): 496–508.

Gatov V. (2016) Budushchee zhurnalistiki [The Future of Journalism]. In: S.Balmaeva, M.Lukina (eds.) Kak novye media izmenili zhurnalistiku. 2012–2016 [The way new media have changed journalism, 2012-2016)]. Ekaterinburg: Hum. Univ. Publ., pp.206–267.

Goffman E. (2009) Gde nakhoditsya deystvie [Where the Action Is]. In: Gofman E. Ritual vzaimodeystviya: Ocherki povedeniya litsom k litsu [Interaction Ritual: Essays on Face-to-Face Behavior]. Moscow: Smysl Publ., pp.178–311.

Gordon, R. (2003). The Meanings and Implications of Convergence. In: K. Kawamoto (ed.) Digital Journalism: Emerging Media and the Changing Horizons of Journalism. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, pp. 57–73.

Hanna M. (2005) Convergence. In: Franklin B., Hamer M., Hanna M., Kinsey M., Richardson J.E. Key Concepts in Journalism Studies. L.: SAGE.

Hartley J. (2000) Radiocracy: Sound and citizenship. International journal of cultural studies 3(2): 153–159.

Jenkins H. (2006) Convergence Culture: Where old and new media collide. N.Y.: N.Y. University Press.

Kagan M.S. (1996) Filosofiya kul'tury [Philosophy of Culture]. St.Petersburg: Petropolis Publ.

Kalogeras S. (2014) Transmedia Storytelling and the New Era of Media Convergence in Higher Education. N.Y.: Palgrave Macmillan.

Khorol'skiy V.V. (2009) Kommunikativistika i teoriya zhurnalistiki v kontekste mediynoy globalizatsii: metodologicheskie zagadki [Theory of Communication and Theory of Journalism within a Media Globalization Context: Methodological Riddles]. Vestnik Volgogradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta 8: 78–89.

Kim M.N. (2006) Zhurnalistika kak forma obshchestvennogo poznaniya [Journalism As a Form of Societal Cognition]. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta 9(1): 119–123.

Kolodzy J (2009) Convergence explained. In: Grant A and Wilkinson J (eds.) Understanding Media Convergence. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 31–51.

Kolodzy J., Grant A.E., DeMars T.R., Wilkinson J.S. (2014) The Convergence Years. Journalism & Mass Communication Educator 69(2): 197–205.

Korkonosenko S.G. (2015) Kul'tura ponimaniya kak pole integral'nykh issledovaniy zhurnalistiki [Culture of Understanding As a Field of Integral Journalism Studies]. Nauchnye vedomosti Belgorodskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnye nauki 27(18): 5–9.

Korkonosenko S.G. (2010) Teoriya zhurnalistiki: modelirovanie i primenenie [Modelling and Using of a Theory of Journalism]. Moscow: Logos Publ.

Korkonosenko S.G. (2012) Zhurnalistika setevykh SMI: smena issledovatel'skikh paradigm ili prodolzhenie traditsiy? [Journalism in Internet Media: Is This a Change in Research Paradigm or Continuation of Tradition?]. Uchenye zapiski Zabaykal'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Filologiya, istoriya, vostokovedenie2: 234–239.

Kushch E.V. (2013) Fonokul'tura kak novaya paradigma akusticheskogo prostranstva [Phono-Culture As a New Acoustic Space Paradigm]. Kul'turnaya zhizn' Yuga Rossii 1(48): 20–21.

Kuznetsov S., Paulos E. (2010) Rise of the expert amateur: DIY projects, communities, and cultures. Proceedings of the 6th Nordic Conference on Human-Computer Interaction: Extending Boundaries. Reykjavik: ACM, pp. 295–304.

Lotman Yu.M. (2005) Priroda kinopovestvovaniya [The Essence of Movie Storytelling]. In: Lotman Yu.M. Ob iskusstve [On Arts]. St.Petersburg: Iskusstvo-SPb Publ, pp.661–671.

Luhmann N. (2000) The Reality of Mass Media. Stanford University Press.

Mamardashvili M.K. (2011) Mysl' v kul'ture [Thought in Culture]. In: Mamardashvili M.K. Soznanie i tsivilizatsiya [Mind and Civilization]. St.Petersburg: Azbuka Publ., pp.99–114.

Nalimov V.V. (1979) Veroyatnostnaya model' yazyka. O sootnoshenii estestvennykh i iskusstvennykh yazykov [Probabilistical Model of Language: on Relation Between Natural and Artificial Languiages]. 2nd ed. Moscow: Nauka Publ.

Phillips A. (2015) Journalism in context: practice and theory for the digital age. N.Y.: Routledge.

Postman N. (2006) Amusing Ourselves to Death: Public Discourse in the Age of Show Business. 2nd ed. NY: Penguin Books.

Quandt T., Singer J.B. (2009) Convergence and Cross-Platform Content Production. In: K. Wahl-Jorgensen & T. Hanitzsch (eds.) The Handbook of Journalism Studies. N.Y.: Routledge, pp.130–144.

Quinn S. (2005) Convergence's Fundamental Question. Journalism Studies 6(1): 29–38.

Quirk V., Boylan E., Brown P., Pitt F. et al. (2015) Guide to Podcasting. The Tow Center for Digital Journalism. Dec, 7. Available at: (aссessed: 20.12.2016).

Russial J., Laufer P., Wasko J. (2015) Journalism in Crisis? Javnost − The Public 22(4): 299–312.

Tacchi J. (2000) The need for radio theory in the digital age. International Journal of Cultural Studies 3(2): 289–298.

Starkey G. (2016) Radio: The resilient medium in today's increasingly diverse multiplatform media environment. Convergence Online First. October, 20. Available at: (accessed: 25.12.2016).

Steensen S., Ahva L. (2015) Theories of Journalism in a Digital age. Digital Journalism 3(1): 1–18.

Taffel S. (2016) Perspectives on the postdigital: Beyond rhetorics of progress and novelty. Convergence, 22(3): 324–338.

Veglis A., Dimoulas C., Kalliris G. (2016) Towards Intelligent Cross-Media Publishing: Media Practices and Technology Convergence Perspectives. In: A.Lugmayr, C.Dal Zotto (eds.) Media Convergence Handbook, vol. 1: Journalism, Broadcasting, and Social Media Aspects of Convergence. Springer Berlin 2016, pp.131–150.

Volkov V.V., Kharkhordin O.V. (2008) Teoriya praktik [Theory of Practices]. St. Petersburg: EU St. Petersburg Publ.